Overview of Tubular Breast Cancer

Tubular Breast CancerTubular breast cancer derives its name due to the structure of the cancer-cell. This is quite invasive in nature and spread to the other regions. Women above the age of 50 years seem to be the maximum affected lot. But it is rare and witnessed only among 2% of the breast-cancer patients. When in initial stages, this low-intensity disease does not show any tell-tale signs, but when progressive, it might show visible lumps in the breast-region. The exact causes are not yet known to the medical-world though heredity is attributed as one possible factor.

Breast-x-ray clearly shows the presence of tubular breast cancer even in the early stage. The other method is obviously the physical examination. The latest method of ultra-sound scanning is more accurate than the other two and is being increasingly adopted.

The more conventional, but reliable methods include Core-biopsy and Fine-Needle-Aspiration (F.N.A). The former is carried out after administering local-anesthesia to the region from where sample-tissues are surgically-extracted. A laboratory-test will reveal the exact nature and extent to which the disease has taken over. The second F.N.A method involves usage of a simple needle-syringe system of extracting cells from the affected area. Then the sample sent to the laboratory for examination.

In some cases, this disease may spread to the arm-pt region and lead to lump-formations in that region also. Sentinel-lymph-node biopsy is carried out in this region. This test is for determining the relation between the tubular cancer and the lump-formation. It is done by taking out the cells of lumps from this region and laboratory-testing. If a relation is found, then the patient might have to undergo surgery in order to effectively remove all the lumps.

The surgical process as seen involves physical removal of the tumor from the arm-pit-region. It is called the Axillary-Lymph- Node-Dissection (A.L.N.D). The other effective method is radio-therapy. It involves passing of high-energy ant-cancer waves. The treatment period is around 3-weeks, with short-durations of the therapy every-day.

The second method of treatment is called hormone-therapy. The aim is to reduce/eliminate the cancer-cell supporting elements from the human body and then attack the caner-cells. Removal of Oestrogen treats the tubular breast cancer. This seems to be more side-effect free compared to the rest, though it is a better practice to consult the physician.

Chemo-therapy is yet another method of treatment for this cancer. When in the initial stage, the therapy takes over as the first method of treatment. It involves cyto-toxic drugs being administered to remove the cancer-cells, in the form of powerful dosages through injections. These drug-particles inter-lock themselves with the HER-2 positive-receptor. This receptor which is the growth-promoter of the cancer cell is prevented from influencing the growth of cancer-cells. In extreme cases, where the chance of cancer-relapse is high, Herceptin may be administered as a post-chemo-therapy Biological treatment. It is a powerful anti-body which takes care of de-activating the HER-2 hormones which are located in the tubular breast cancer cells. Biological-method have long lasting effects in controlling the recurrence.